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MICHIGAN VEHICLE CODE (EXCERPT)
Act 300 of 1949

257.314 Operator’s or chauffeur’s license; duration; expiration; identification of licensee less than 21; renewal; extension; pandemic expiration extension.

Sec. 314.

  (1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, an operator’s license and chauffeur’s license expire on the birthday of the individual to whom the license is issued in the fourth year following the date of the issuance of the license or on the date the individual is no longer considered to be legally present in the United States under section 307, whichever is earlier, unless suspended or revoked before that date. A license must not be issued for a period longer than 4 years. An individual holding a license at any time 12 months before the expiration of his or her license may apply for a new license as provided for in this chapter. A knowledge test for an original group designation or indorsement may be taken at any time during this period and the results are valid for 12 months. A license renewed under this subsection must be renewed for the time remaining on the license before its renewal combined with the 4-year renewal period.

  (2) The first operator’s license issued to an individual who at the time of application is less than 20-1/2 years of age expires on the licensee’s twenty-first birthday or on the date the individual is no longer considered to be legally present in the United States under section 307, whichever is earlier, unless suspended or revoked.

  (3) The first chauffeur’s license issued to an individual expires on the licensee’s birthday in the fourth year following the date of issuance or on the date the individual is no longer considered to be legally present in the United States under section 307, whichever is earlier, unless the license is suspended or revoked before that date. The chauffeur’s license of an individual who at the time of application is less than 20-1/2 years of age expires on the licensee’s twenty-first birthday or on the date the individual is no longer considered to be legally present in the United States under section 307, whichever is earlier, unless suspended or revoked. A subsequent chauffeur’s license expires on the birthday of the individual to whom the license is issued in the fourth year following the date of issuance of the license or on the date the individual is no longer considered to be legally present in the United States under section 307, whichever is earlier, unless the license is suspended or revoked before that date.

  (4) An individual may apply for an extension of his or her driving privileges if he or she is out of state on the date that his or her operator’s or chauffeur’s license expires. The extension may extend the license for 180 days beyond the expiration date or not more than 2 weeks after the applicant returns to Michigan, whichever occurs first. This subsection does not apply to an individual who fails to meet the requirements of 49 CFR parts 383 and 391 with regard to medical certification documentation requirements.

  (5) The secretary of state may issue a renewal operator’s or chauffeur’s license to an individual who will be out of state for more than 180 days beyond the expiration date of his or her operator’s or chauffeur’s license, if the secretary of state has a digital image of the individual on file. The applicant for this renewal shall submit a statement evidencing a vision examination in accordance with the rules promulgated by the secretary of state under section 309 and any other statement required by this act or federal law. An individual is not eligible for consecutive renewals of a license under this subsection. This subsection does not apply to an individual who fails to meet the requirements of 49 CFR parts 383 and 391 with regard to medical certification documentation requirements, or an individual with a hazardous material endorsement on his or her operator’s or chauffeur’s license.

  (6) The secretary of state may check the applicant’s driving record through the National Driver Register and the Commercial Driver’s License Information System before issuing a renewal under this section.

  (7) Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, an operator’s or chauffeur’s license that expires on or after March 1, 2020 is valid until March 31, 2021. Notwithstanding the provisions of this section, an operator’s or chauffeur’s license that expires after March 31, 2021 but before August 1, 2021 is valid until 120 days after the date of the expiration.

  

  

History: 1949, Act 300, Eff. Sept. 23, 1949 ;– Am. 1953, Act 215, Eff. Oct. 2, 1953 ;– Am. 1967, Act 78, Eff. Jan. 1, 1968 ;– Am. 1970, Act 124, Imd. Eff. July 23, 1970 ;– Am. 1972, Act 357, Imd. Eff. Jan. 9, 1973 ;– Am. 1974, Act 56, Imd. Eff. Apr. 1, 1974 ;– Am. 1975, Act 122, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1975 ;– Am. 1980, Act 174, Imd. Eff. June 23, 1980 ;– Am. 1982, Act 30, Eff. Mar. 15, 1982 ;– Am. 1984, Act 289, Eff. Mar. 29, 1985 ;– Am. 1985, Act 67, Imd. Eff. July 1, 1985 ;– Am. 1988, Act 346, Eff. Jan. 1, 1990 ;– Am. 1989, Act 280, Imd. Eff. Dec. 26, 1989 ;– Am. 1989, Act 299, Imd. Eff. Jan. 3, 1990 ;– Am. 2000, Act 173, Imd. Eff. June 20, 2000 ;– Am. 2002, Act 554, Eff. Oct. 1, 2002 ;– Am. 2004, Act 362, Imd. Eff. Oct. 4, 2004 ;– Am. 2006, Act 298, Imd. Eff. July 20, 2006 ;– Am. 2008, Act 7, Imd. Eff. Feb. 15, 2008 ;– Am. 2011, Act 159, Imd. Eff. Sept. 30, 2011 ;– Am. 2020, Act 127, Imd. Eff. July 1, 2020 ;– Am. 2020, Act 241, Eff. Oct. 28, 2020 ;– Am. 2020, Act 304, Imd. Eff. Dec. 29, 2020 ;– Am. 2021, Act 71, Imd. Eff. July 29, 2021
Compiler’s Notes: Section 2 of Act 346 of 1988 provides:“(1) Except as otherwise provided in this section, this amendatory act shall take effect October 1, 1989.“(2) Sections 634, 710g, 722, 723, 724, 802, and 907 of this amendatory act shall take effect January 1, 1989.“(3) Sections 4B and 801 of this amendatory act shall take effect upon the date of enactment of this amendatory act.”Section 2 of Act 173 of 1989 provides:“(1) The amendments made to sections 8b, 57, 67a, 301, 303, 305, 306, 307, 309, 310, 312d, 312e, 312f, 312g, 312h, 314, 314b, 319a, 321a, 323, 728, 732, 743, and 907 of Act No. 300 of the Public Acts of 1949, being sections 257.8b, 257.57, 257.67a, 257.301, 257.303, 257.305, 257.306, 257.307, 257.309, 257.310, 257.312d, 257.312e, 257.312f, 257.312g, 257.312h, 257.314, 257.314b, 257.319a, 257.321a, 257.323, 257.728, 257.732, 257.743, and 257.907 of the Michigan Compiled Laws, by Act No. 346 of the Public Acts of 1988 shall take effect January 1, 1990.“(2) Enacting section 2 of Act No. 346 of the Public Acts of 1988 is repealed.”Enacting section 1 of Act 71 of 2021 provides:”Enacting section 1. Sections 216(2), 217(11) and (12), 226(11) and (13), 255(4), 301(6), 306(1), (2), (4), and (6), 306a(4), 309(11), 312k(1), 314(7), 801k(1) and (2), and 811(5) of the Michigan vehicle code, 1949 PA 300, MCL 257.216, 257.217, 257.226, 257.255, 257.301, 257.306, 257.306a, 257.309, 257.312k, 257.314, 257.801k, and 257.811, as amended by this amendatory act, are intended to be retroactive and apply retroactively.”
Admin Rule: R 257.851 et seq. of the Michigan Administrative Code.



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